Clinical Case Studies on Major Diseases of Livestock and Evaluation of Smart Phone Based Application as a Diagnostic Tool in and Around Bishoftu and Modjo Towns, Central Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Despite the large livestock population and relative diversity of animal species in Ethiopia, the current output to provide enormous contributions to the people’s national economy and livelihoods is less, which can be due to extensive prevalence of animal diseases. Therefore, the objectives of this work were to handle and organize case reports, and evaluate the accuracy of smart-phone-based App as a diagnostic and treatment aid tool on selected clinical cases of livestock presented to VTH and MVC in and around Bishoftu and Modjo towns from November 2020 to June 2021. This case study described that different animal species with different ages, sex and breed groups with different physiological statuses were examined based on history, detailed physical and clinical examinations and by using EDDIE smart-phone App. Animals were treated and managed promptly with antimicrobials, supportive drugs and combination based on recommendations of the manufacturer on the basis of tentative diagnosis. Alongside, appropriate samples from these animals were collected and processed in the laboratories for confirmation. The cases were followed either in the animal health services during therapies or at home until recovery. A total of 20 different clinical cases comprised of 31 total animals were examined in which 80.6% (25/31) were ruminants and 19.4% were others (equine, canine and poultry). From these, 35.5% (11/31) diseases were caused by bacteria followed by 29% (9/31), 22.6% (7/31), 3.2% (1/31), 3.2% (1/31) and 6.5% (2/31) were caused by parasites, viruses, protozoa, metabolic and others respectively. Among the examined and treated animals, 26 (83.9%) were recovered, 1(3.2%) died and postmortem examination was conducted on 4 (12.9%) animals. From 26 diagnosed animals with EDDIE App, 16 (61.5%) were similar with laboratory confirmation but 10 (38.5%) were not agreed, and the App was found good. Generally, this study showed that most animal diseases are curable, if prompt and rational drug use with good management can be practiced. Based on this finding, practicing veterinary extension program and training of animal health workers and farmers regularly, including poultry and pet animal diseases with relevant epidemiological data and further evaluation in smartphone App, and establishing advanced diagnostic facilities were recommended to reduce diseases and their associated losses.



Bishoftu and Modjo, clinical cases, case description, case report, EDDIE App