An Assessment of Women Farmers' Participation in Agricultural Extension Services for Income and Nutrition Improvement in Ethiopia: The Case of Becho District, South West Oromia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


This study was designed to investigate the effectiveness of agricultural extension services consisting of both production and nutrition related information in improving the production and nutrition of farmers and women farmers in particular in Becho district. Required data were collected from four kebeles of Becho district from 338 randomly selected households (277 male headed and 61 female headed), 18 in-depth interviews with key informants and eight focus group discussions. The data were entered in SPSS software and organized in tables and figures and further described and analyzed following descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, bivariate correlation, and multiple linear regression analyses procedures. In inferential statistics, Chisquare (X2) test, independent samples t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) have been applied. In order to test the significance of association between dependent and explanatory variables, i.e.; for r and coefficients (unstandardized beta) t-test has been used when ever required. Tests of significances have been decided at P ≤ 0.1 levels. The result of the regression model revealed that increased cultivated land, TLU, use of improved seed, access to credit and contacts with agricultural extension agent’s increases households’ agricultural production. On the other hand, it was only the impact of use of improved seed for female headed farmers was positive and significantly increases agricultural production. Age, educational level, family member less than 14 years old, use of improved seed, livestock size (TLU), and knowledge and attitude on agricultural extension activities (AEA) for income and nutrition) were found significantly influencing the index of all respondents’ and male headed farmers’ diet diversification function. On the other hand, only TLU was found significantly influencing the index of female headed farmers’ diet diversification function



Women Farmers