Livelihood Activities and Environmental Impacts of Internal Displaced Persons in Ethiopia: A Case Study from Somali Regional State Displaced Resettlement in Koye Feche, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


This research strived to explore livelihood activities and the environmental impacts of internal displaced persons (IDPs) resettlement. Accordingly, the main objective of this thesis was to investigate the livelihood activities and environmental impacts of internal displaced resettlement in Ethiopia, with special reference to the Koye Feche resettlement site. To achieve, the ultimate objective of the thesis, the study employed a mixed research method, and hence, data result from qualitative data incorporated into quantitative data as supplementary. Household surveys from 178 respondents, eight (8) focus group discussions, key informant interviews with 9 individuals three from settlers, two from host community and two from administrative officials, and observations were the main data-generating tools about households’ livelihood activities and the environmental impacts of resettled people. Consequently, the finding indicated that majority of the host community's livelihood depend on farming activities while the entire settlers’ household’s livelihood activities depend on the non- farming trades activities. Result also indicated that the current level of income of the settlers’ showed low as compared to previous livelihood status. However, the newly relocated households have developed strong moral in getting two-bedroom houses from a good location as the function of home for the settlers were not the only place to live but also enabled them starting different small business within parts of their house and in front of the given home. In terms of the environmental impacts of the resettlement study result indicated negative impacts like ongoing change of agriculturally productive land into residential areas and dumping of soil excavated from the construction site into farmlands were observed. On one hand, deficiencies in amenities include lack of health post and water accessibility was found serious problems of resettlement area. In terms of socio-cultural impact of the resettlement, the outcome showed similarity of culture, language, and values between newly relocated settlers and host community which in turn brought a positive harmonious coexistence between the two groups. The other positive change observed was better accessibility to the main road, school, and increase plant seedling. As recommendation, government agencies such as Addis Ababa City Social affairs office, and job opportunity creation offices and concerned aid organization should focus attention on homeownership and the selection of appropriate location of the resettlement site. In addition, it is very essential to support the evicted households according to their skills, experience, and knowledge together with housing provision and best resettlement sites that enable them to put into practice the previous experiences of internal displaced resettled households.



Keywords: livelihood activities, environmental impact, internal displaced people, host community, households’ resettlement, Koye Feche.