Determinants of Mortality Among one To Five Years Old Children in Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Abeba university


Child mortality is a factor that is strongly associated with the well-being of a population and it is taken as an indicator of health development and socioeconomic status. Child mortality rates are falling, but not quickly enough. According to the 2011 UN report during the last 10 years, the death rate for children under five has decreased by 35% worldwide. UNICEF in 2008 reported that Ethiopia has reduced under-five mortality by 40 percent over the past 15 years. From the EDHS 2011 report child mortality rate in Ethiopia was reduced from 50/1000 deaths in 2005 to 31/1000 deaths in 2011. The Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey data are used for the study. The study uses information on 12,710 children included in the survey for the entire country. The main objective of the study was to identify determinants of under-five child mortality. For this purpose survival analysis was employed. The results show that mother’s education, mother’s age, marital status, birth order and place of residence are the significant factors that contribute to under-five child mortality. However, sex of a child, family size, wealth index, water source and toilet facility are not found to be significant. In order to reduce the rate of under-five child mortality attention should be paid to improve mother’s education and discourage early marriage. Equal distribution of infrastructures is also necessary



Five Years Old Children in Ethiopia