Prevalence of Diabetic Foot Ulcer and its Associated Factors Among Diabetic Patients Attending Diabetic Follow-up Clinic at Public Hospitals of Wolaita and Goffa zones,south Ethiopia,2021.

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Addis Ababa University


Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is defined as a localized wound of the skin and/or underlying tissue below the uncle in people with diabetes mellitus irrespective of duration. It is one of the chronic complications of diabetes which has more than 25% lifetime risk and it is the leading cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputation. In Ethiopia there are no major studies assessed the prevalence and associated factors of diabetic foot ulcers among diabetic patients at a zonal or regional level. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and its associated factors of diabetic foot ulcers among diabetic patients attending follow-up clinics at public hospitals ofGoff and Wolaita zones south Ethiopia. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conductedfrom March 1-30/2021. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select the study subjects. Epi data and SPSS version 20 was used for data cleaning and analysis. Bi-varriate and multi-varriate logstic regression was done to identify independent predictors of diabetic foo ulcer.The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer was found to be 22.6%. Five variables;poor foot care peripheral neuropathy ,duration of diabetes >=10 years,HbA1c level >=7.0mg/dl , and overweight had statistically significant association with diabetic foot ulcer .The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer at the study area is high. Responsible bodies should work hardly to prevent diabetic foot ulcer and its related complications.



Diabetes mellitus, diabetic foot ulcer, diabetic foot syndrome.