Financing Urban Infrastructure and Services in Ethiopia: The Case of Solid Waste Management in Adama (Nazareth) town

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Addis Ababa University


This study reports the situation and financing of solid waste management sen'ices in Adama town of Oromia Region (Ethiopia). The study showed that the town is currently providing inadequate solid waste management services. The town administration collects and disposes less than 15 percent of the wastes generated by the town annually. It is also found out that the solid waste collection and disposal systems are backward and are not economical as well. The institutional arrangements' for the management of both liquid and solid wastes are also very weak. The town administration allocates a marginal budget to this service which is less than 10 percent of its total budget as opposed to towns of developing countries that commit between 20 and 40 percent of their budget for the same. Low budget and low performances are generally attributed to scarcity of resources. However, problems of insufficient mobilization of the available resources and misuses are found to be equally serious according to this study. This shows that studying the financing system of urban services is an important area to reckon since it is helpfit! to look for ways by which the service may be improved by using the available resources differently. It may also be of advantage to check whether the available meager resources are effectively and efficiently used for the priority and basic needs of the town. The study also suggests some lines of action that are essential to improve the current inadequate solid waste management service of Adama town.



Financing Urban Infrastructure