Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Jigjiga Town: Status and Trends, Associated Factors, and Opportunities

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Addis Ababa University


Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) are vital to human health and wellbeing. Many developing countries, like Ethiopia, face many challenges in achieving improved water supply, improved sanitation and proper hygiene practices. This study examined the associated factors and opportunities of Water Supply and Sanitation as well as the behavior of the people towards hygiene practices use in Jigjiga. The study design was mixed with using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Questionnaire, key informant interview and observations were the main data collection tools. The data collected were analyzed through both descriptive and inferential analysis techniques; mean, standard deviation, multiple regressions, Pearson‟s correlation and so on. The study found that political factors are more significant than socio-economic factors in improved water supply and sanitation. To overcome the challenges of water supply and sanitation, results revealed that privatizing part of the operation and management would be a massive opportunity. Furthermore, the behavior of people towards hygiene practices use is associated with the attitude, perceived behavioral control and intention variables (r= .478, .551, .497 respectively, with p< 0.01). Finally, the study recommends encouraging private sectors‟ involvement in water supply and sanitation, raising awareness programs on efficient use of water and the important of hygiene. It also suggests a further research about the importance of ecological and environmental factors in improved water supply and sanitation.



Behavior, Hygiene, Sanitation, Water Supply