Opportunities, Chall Enges and Contribution of Cooperatives for a Agricultural Benefits: • The Case of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives In Enderta Woreda, Tigray Region

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Addis Abeba university


The study is conducted in Enderta Woreda, Tigray Region. Three primary co-operatives are taken to assess the overall challenges and opportunities of co-operatives for agricultural development. Data were collected by interviewing 180 respondents based on questioner The assessment was supplemented by qualitative data collected from focused group discussion, key informants interview, documents to provide background information and to investigate opportunities and challenges. The study results show that the policy measure 147/98 has createel gooe! environment for the development of co-operatives. There are about 56 different type of co-operatives established in the woreda s lUely ClreC/. Supply of inputs, the existence of household package, provis ion or creelit . dividend given to members has shown members that they have iJelle/ireci from co-operatives. Growth of co-operatives in total nLllniJer, WI Ll membership, tax exemption, and the act of regional government as collateral for credit made, are some of opportunities gained to strengthen co-operatives. High price and scarcity of inputs, the existence of private busines s in the market which resulted in no difference in price and quality of inputs is seen as challenges. The study shows that co-operatives do not provide the opportunity of product market of their members. Minimal support 0)' government is another challenge in the study. Violation of co-operatives regulation, lack of sense of ownership, and lade of trained human resou rce are main problems identified in the study. According to the study, co-operatives are not operating eJlectively anel efficiently and lack co-operative spirit. They are not exploiting the po tential opportunities of the policy environment. Therefore awareness creation and, capacity building are very important to realize their potential opportunities. Co-operative management skill, entrepreneurial knowledge training and ethical altitudes and competitiveness are basic ins truments to realize and improve their bargaining power in agricultural productivity



Agricultural Benefits