Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Irrigation-The Case of Ziway State Farm

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Addis Ababa University


Ziway State Farm is located in Southern Shoa some lOkms South-east of the town of Ziway. It produces flowers, fruits and vegetables both for domestic and foreign markets. The main objective of the study was to assess the productivity and profitability of the farm and indicate its socio-economic and environmental impac~ in the region. Primary as well as secondary data on the farm were collected. The land-use assessment of the farm revealed that 73 percent of the land under irrigation is used for the production of annual crops (flowers and vegetables). An analysis of income and expenditure showed that the farm is not profitable. Crop marketing analysis showed that the products of the farm are more export-oriented rather than for domestic market. The labour absorptive capacity of the farm was found to be high. The farm employs labourers on permanent as well as seasonal basis. The great majority of the labourers were seasonal. Most are young people and females out number males. The provision of irrigated agriculture in the region has dislocated peasants and aggravated the problem of housing. One of the most important findings of the study is that water use on the farm is not efficient. It may be concluded that water application systems of the farm should be based on scientific knowledge of irrigation water use. It is also recommended that more research has to be undertaken related to soil Hnalysis, water quality monitoring as well as labour and so ~io-economic factors which affect the production and productivity of the farm.



Impacts of Irrigation