Ambulatory Blood Pressure Control Pattern in Hypertensive Patients at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular problem globally with a particularly increasing burden in developing countries like Ethiopia. Ambulatory blood pressure (ABPM) is superior to office blood pressure (OBP) measurement for diagnosing, prognosticating and following treatment efficacy for hypertension. There is no available data on ABPM control pattern in Ethiopians. This study will determine the ABPM control patterns in Ethiopian hypertensive patients on treatment. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study in hypertensive patients at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospitals outpatient departments carried out during January to May 2021. ABPM values of 244 consecutively sampled patients were analyzed. All patients had their BP monitored over 24 h with a Tonoport V (GE CS V6 71), and the data was interpreted using GE CardiosoftTM ABPM software in accordance with European Society of hypertension guidelines. Ethical clearance was given by Addis Ababa University Institutional Review Board and the study was conducted in compliance to standard ethical guidelines. Results: The study involved 244 adult hypertensive patients; mean age of the patients was 59.4years and, 54% were females. 58.6% of patients had controlled OBP, while only 45.1% had controlled ABPM. The mean OBP was 137 (19)/81 (10) mmHg and mean 24-hr ABP was 137 (16)/81 (10) mmHg; mean daytime BP was 136/79 ± 17/11 mmHg; mean night-time BP, 138/84 ± 16/11 mmHg. Mean ABPM values were not significantly different between men and women. Comparison of ABPM values with OBP revealed high prevalence of the white coat effect (32%) and masked uncontrolled hypertension (46%). Presence of comorbidities particularly diabetes predicted poor ABPM control. Conclusion: More than half of patients had uncontrolled BP as per ABPM criteria and significant discrepancy exists between ABPM and OBP in assessing adequacy of BP control. Guiding management decisions using ABPM can improve BP control rates.



Blood Pressure,Ambulatory,Hypertensive Patients