The Impacts of Disability on Food Security among Work-age People with Disabilities in Addis Ababa Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Work age people with disability those are resident in Addis Ababa the capital City of Ethiopia are at particular risk of long-term poverty and did not have access at all times to enough food for an active and healthy life. This is possibly the most serious nutrition-related public health problem facing the Addis Ababa today. factors that affect food security status of the person with disabilities are; disability itself, poverty, low income, family size, unemployment, low educational status, poor social support, negative value, discrimination and functional impairment and environmental barriers are among those factors. The study was aimed to assess food security status among Work-age Person with disability and also applied mixed research approach, cross-sectional study design, for method of data instrument semi-structured questionnaire were applied. And for method of data collection, survey and KII and FGD were applied. The data was collected from April 1 to May 14, 2021. Accordingly a total of 250 households were selected from three sub-cities by using stratified sample technique determination and simple random sampling.- For quantitative data analysis descriptive statistics was used through applying SPSS. For qualitative method focus group discussion was employed to explain the possible effect of disability, poverty, food price on household food security, and people’s awareness about food security. This study found the majority of Person with disabilities were food insecure accordingly, from the total of 200 participants 148 (74%) of them were reported that they already in hunger state. Reduction in meal size and shifting to poor quality/less expensive food types/ were their coping strategies to high food price used by people with disabilities. and very few of them reported moderate hanger. On the other hand various studies reported that there was a higher risk of disability at older ages. But as it indicated on the table 4.4 the finding of this study in contrast with previous finding, it demonstrated that the majority 54 (27%) of people with disabilities are found at the range age of 18-25. In general, the study finding revealed that all PWD were food insecure which forced them to reduce their meal size and quality with nearly a quarter of households were suffered from hunger. And it is important to create jobs that fit to the situation of PWDs, access them to training, credit, marketing facilities and treatment and increasing public awareness about the situations of the PWDs.



Meket Woreda, North Wollo Zone of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia