An Analysis of Literary Techniques in Some of the Prose Works of Ethiopian Women Authoresses

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is to introduce and analyse the literary techniques of some of the prose works o f Ethiopian women authoresses. As discussed in the introduction, literary studies and comments both by Ethiopian and foreign scholars about the fictional works of Ethiopian women authoresses that appeared thus far to the public are very scanty and fragmentary. Hence, the need for introducing and examining some of the prose works of women authoresses arises from this reality. The present study has, therefore, considered the fictional wri tings of twelve authoresses for critical discussion. The works of these authoresses have been selected based on three different reasons . The first is the availability of the texts in the three major libraries. These are : the libraries of the AAU, the library of Ministry of Culture and Sports Affairs, and the library of the Addis Ababa administrative region . The second reason is the common and unique cha racteristics of the authoresses in using different kinds o f literary devices ; and tidy the literary genres of the works. Other than the introduction and conclusion sections , the study is di vided i nto three chapters. Included in the introduction were: literary survey and comments which, directly o r indirectly, deal wi th the main concern of the present study. The first chapter focuses on two things. First , it tries to convey the theoretical definitions and explanat i ons of the literary terms : narration and different types of points of view . Secondly , it discusses the outline of seven pre-revolution prose works and analyses some of the narrat i ve methods (including the various points of view) which the authoresses use to unfold the materials of their stories . The texts are examined in the order of their date of publications .Chapter two dwells on the various narrative techniques employed by the post-revolution women authoresses. Although the focus of thi s chapter is to analyse the methods of narration, it has a considerable di fference from the previous one . Apart from dealing with such technical elements as point o f view epistolary and flashback methods , chapter two will also attempt to introduce and e xamine those new narrative techniques (the employment o f telephone conversation, foreshadowing , dream, and a story wi thin story method) which are used only in the works of four post revolution women authoresses. The aim of chapter three, on the other hands, is to cri tically e xamine whether or not the characterization, plot constructions and language of some of the prose works of women authoresses are a ppropriate, consistent, coherent , concise , significant and credible . The summary and conclusion part of the study will provide the summary of the work and also try to point out s ome weaknesses and st r engths of the authores se s under consideration . The contribution of women authoresses to the overall development of modern Amharic literature is also discussed in the last chapter . Lastly , the appendixes present the full texts of the interviews conducted with two "literary techniques" and the social educational, material, family and literary backgrounds of Ethiopian women authoresses



Prose Works of Etillopian Womem Alithors