Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pediatrics Residents on Autism Spectrum Disorders in Three Selected Teaching Hospitals, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2021.

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Addis Abeba University


Background:- Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders occurring early in childhood that is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. However, limited knowledge among health care providers, poor community awareness, and a dearth of specialist care services are some of the issues confronting autism. Objective: - To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of pediatrics residents on autism spectrum disorder in three selected teaching hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Method: - Institutional based Cross-sectional study was done with facility based self-administered question among pediatrics resident with sample size of 141. The data were entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 25. Data cleaning and screening were conducted exclusively by the principal investigator. Descriptive statistics was employed to summarize the data and data were presented using Tables, Figures and texts. Binary logistic regression model was used and p- value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Result: - In this study 138 participants contributed to a response rate of 97.9%. The overall knowledge, attitude and practice of pediatric and child heath resident on autism spectrum disorder were 70%, 59% and 51% respectively. Participants having experience in autism management had 2.6 folds increase in the knowledge than non-experienced participant. Participants having favorable attitude are 6.8 times knowledgeable than participant with unfavorable attitude. The determinant of attitude and practice were participants having formal teaching, learning or training session before on ASD, year of residency, having experience and good knowledge on childhood autism. Recommendations: - 1. For the residents: - It is important for residents to improve the KAP regarding to ASD as they are future cornerstone for the management of these cases: 2. For the department: this research may be used as a clue and better to develop protocol of standard autism assessment to increase the level of KAP on medical studies on ASD, 3. For the researcher: - suggest to study in all health professionals those involved in ASD management



KAP, autism, pediatrics resident, Ethiopia