An Assessment of Watershed Management Practices in Lower Guder Micro-Watershed, Southern Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title




Watershed degradation effects have represented a serious threat not only to the environment but also to the survival of millions of people living in upland as well as downstream areas. Although different types of watershed management technologies have extensively been introduced and implemented over the past decades in Ethiopia, implementations of the measures were not aflractive. This study was conducted to assess ·watershed management practices in accordance with preventing soil erosion in Lower Guder micro-watershed, Lema District ol J-Iadiya A purposive sampling procedure was used to identifY study micro-watershed. The data were collected Fom 118 sample household's selected using simple random sampling technique. Qualitative data were generated using focus group discussions, key il?iormant interviews amI fi eld observation using checklists, while quantitative data were col/ected using structured household interview. Descriptive statistics, chi-square analysis, and independent sample t-test were used to analyze the data collected Fom sample households and qualitative data were narrated. The results indicate that, age, educational status, and size offarm holdings are aJllong the major factors that significantly affect implementation of watershed management practices. When the economic condition of a community deteriorates, it leads to over exploitation and degradation of watershed resources. It is necessary for people to understand the relationship between their poverty and the degradation of watershed they live. Environmental regeneration is possible only when the concerned people realize a needfor it and are empowered to have control over the process of resource utilization, management and conservation.



watershed, management practices, perception, factors, challenges, opportun iti es, and Lower Guder M icro-Watershed