Assessment of knowledge, practice and associated factors towards basic life support among nurses working in ambulance of pre-hospital setting of fire and emergency response and rescue authority of Addis Abeba,Ethiopia, 2019.

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Addis Abeba University


Back ground: Pre-hospital emergency care is the emergency care delivered to a patient before transfer to a hospital or proper healthcare facility. Basic Life Support is refers to the care healthcare providers and public safety professionals provide to patients who are experiencing respiratory and cardiac arrest or airway obstruction. Objective: To assess knowledge and practice towards basic life support and its’ associated factors among nurses practicing in ambulance at fire and emergency prevention and rescue authority of pre hospital care setting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from March to April 20, 2019. Methods: Institutional based a cross sectional survey with complete enumeration of all respondents was conducted on participants from fire and emergency prevention and rescue authority during the study period from March to April 20, 2019. Self-administered questioners were used to collect data from respondents and then it was presented by descriptive data presentation methods for descriptive variable. Binary and multiple logistic Regression analysis we used to show effect of independent variable on dependent variable. Data quality was controlled by pre-testing the tools and providing training the data collectors Result: About 129 respondents were studied in this study with the response rate of 95%. Of them more than half 76(58.9%) were female. According to this study the overall BLS knowledge and practice skills were found inadequate. More than half of the participants 68 (52.7%) and 73(56.6%) had poor BLS knowledge and practice level respectively. Educational status, previous clinical exposures and involvement in resuscitation were showed significant association with BLS knowledge and practice on both binary and multiple logistic regressions. Conclusion and recommendation: since the result of this study revealed that overall BLS knowledge and practice skills were found inadequate which were not enough to provide these crucial lifesaving procedures through sound BLS. In-service education and repetitive hand on practice about basic life support maneuvers for nurses must be considered to improve their basic life support knowledge and practice.



Basic life support, ambulance nurses, knowledge, and practice