Pattern of Major Maxillofacial Surgeries at Addis Ababa University Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Affiliate Hospitals: 3 Years Retrospective Analysis.

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Abeba University


Background: Oral and maxillofacial (OMF) region is an area that is prone to multitude of disease conditions which may be of developmental nature or acquired nature which require surgical intervention in many occasions. Objectives: To describe the indications, pattern and types of major oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures carried out at Addis Ababa university Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) affiliate Hospitals (Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College and St.Peters Specialized Hospital) in a period of 3 years from January 2017 to December2019. Methods: A retrospective study of operation records of all patients who had undergone oral and maxillofacial surgeries under general anaesthesia at Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College and St.Peters Specialized Hospital in a period of 3 years from January 2017 to December 2019 was done. Descriptive statistics such as biodata, indication for surgery and type of surgery were recorded and analyzed using the Epi info version 7 software. Time frame: The study was conducted from November 2019 to August 2020. Result: A total of 689 patients with oral and maxillofacial conditions were managed during the study period. The male to female ratio was 2.48:1, and the mean age of patients was 29.05 years with standard deviation of ±15.5.The predominant indications for surgery were traumatic conditions (50.71%, n=354), followed by neoplastic(benign and malignant)conditions (18.7%, n=129), and tumorlike /cystic conditions (16.5%, n=115). Open reduction and internal fixation the most common (43.7%,n=313) surgical procedure performed under general anaesthesia. Conclusion: The field of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery in our climes is a relatively new one, however, it is evolving and its relevance is growing. With the observed relatively high frequency of traumatic conditions, especially among younger populations, efforts geared at prevention and adequate preparedness for proper surgical management of such patients should be commenced.



Oral and maxillofacial surgery, patterns, trends