Assessment of Emergency Contraceptive Utilization among Unmarried Eomen Working in Bole Lemi Industrial Park: Institutional based Cross Sectional Study Design.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Emergency contraception (EC) or post-coital contraception refers to any methods of contraception that can be used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after exposure to unprotected sexual intercourse. Unwanted pregnancy and its potential life threatening complications could be avoided by using contraceptives, including emergency contraceptives, if these emergency contraceptives used within the recommended time period of exposure to unprotected sexual intercourse and it also provide a second chance of preventing the occurrence of unwanted pregnancy. Objectives: To measure the levels in emergency contraceptive utilization and factor associated with its use among unmarried women who work at Bole Lemi Industrial Park, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019/20. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 812 randomly selected unmarried women working in Bole lemi industrial park from four (4) companies and self-administered structured questionnaire were used to collect the data. The collected data was entered into EPIdata software and exported to SPSS for analysis. Descriptive statistics was calculated for the prevalence of KAP on unmarried women who work in Bole Lemi industrial park and presented using texts, tables and figures. Besides, bivariate, multivariate logistic regression and negative binomial models were fitted to identify factors associated with the emergency contraceptive utilization and presented using tables. RESULT: Only 115 (30.9%) of sexually active, (31.5%) of those ever heard EC or (15.7%) of the study participants used emergency contraceptives after having unprotected sexual intercourse. However (21.4%) of them had a history of unintended pregnancy and (82.1%) of this pregnancy ended up with abortion. Religion, ever had sexual intercourse and contraceptive ever used have statistical significant association with EC utilization (p<0.01). CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: This study showed that there is low level of emergency contraceptive utilization among unmarried women. Therefore, there is a need to emphasize on increasing awareness and accessibility of emergency contraception.



Contraceptive Utilization ,Unmarried Women,Emergency