Anatomical profile of neurological and musculoskeletal disorders among patients attending physiotherapy unit of Tikur Anbesa specialized Hospital Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa Universty


Background: Neurological and musculoskeletal disorders can affect different body parts and anatomical structures. Physiotherapy is used in a multitude of disease conditions including musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. It has proved beneficial not only by making patients independent, but also by making them live their life with dignity and confidence. Objective: The intention of this study was to assess the anatomical profile of neurological and musculoskeletal disorders among patients attending physiotherapy unit of Tikur Anbessa specialized Hospital (TASH), Ethiopia 2018. Material and Method: Institution based retrospective cross sectional study was carried out at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH) on charts of Patients presented to physiotherapy unit from May 1-31, 2018. The sample size was 355. The study participants were neurological and musculoskeletal patient visiting physiotherapy unit of TASH. The collected data were entered into the Epi-Data version 4.2 and then exported to statistical package for social science (SPSS) 21 for analysis. Frequency table, percentage and graphs presented categorical data. Chi-square (χ2) test was applied to see if there was any association between the different variables. Result: The study participants were comprised of 342 samples among them 192 (56.1 %) were male and 150 (43.9 %) were female. Most 84 (24.6%) of the patients, were between the age group of 45 and 59 years. In this study, neurological disorders were (55.3%) and musculoskeletal disorders (38.6%) were most prevalent. In this study lower limb 109 (31.9%), Back 67 (19.6%) and upper limb 59 (17.3 %) were the first three most affected anatomical regions. Inter Vertebral Disc (IVD) 88 (27.9%), Bone 66 (19.3 %) and joint 55 (17.5%) were the first three most affected structures. Among traumatic cause of disorder Road Traffic Accident RTA (45%) was the leading cause and it was followed by falling (19%) on the other hand Degenerative Disc Disorder (DDD) 94 (37.6 %) and Ostio Arthritis (OA) 32 (12.8 %) were among non-traumatic causes. Conclusion: The finding of this study shows that neurological and musculoskeletal disorders were common disorders. Lower limb and back were the most affected anatomical regions. IVD and bone were the most affected anatomical structures. RTA and Falling were among the common traumatic causes of musculoskeletal and neurologic disorders while DDD, OA and stroke were among non-traumatic causes.



Musculoskeletal, Neurological disorder, Tikur Anbesa specialized hospital, Ethiopia