Patterns and Determinants of Household Energy Consumption among Destitute Families in Althad Village of Woreda 8, Bole Sub-City, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The advancement of human civilization, economic and social activities, agriculture, mining, industrialization and also improvements in the standard of living and public health are all dependent upon an adequate supply of energy. The main objective of this study is to assess the patterns and determinants of household energy consumption among poor family in woreda 8 of Althad village. The necessary data for this study were obtained from randomly selected 156 sampling households. Questionnaire was administered to these selected households. Percentage and simple correlation techniques have been used to analyze the data. Analysis of the survey data shows that multiple types of energy are commonly used by individual sample households for day to day household energy requirement. These energy sources include, traditional (fuel wood, charcoal, leaves and saw dust) and modern (electricity and kerosene). The households when faced with shortage of energy sources, they cope up with it in different mechanism. The result shows that the largest share of the domestic energy comes from the modern fuels in terms of expenditure and gross energy consumed. However, the majority of the people depend on traditional fuels. The study also reveals that the amount of monthly expenditure on different types of household energy varies depending upon the types of energy sources, which mainly determined by household income, size and appliance. The amount of both gross and useful domestic energy consumed increases with the increase of household income. Relatively higher income households consume more energy, while low income households utilize inadequate energy. Large share of low income groups consume traditional fuels. It is recommended that the low-income group should be encouraged as far as feasible to use modern fuels like electricity and fossil fuels such as kerosene and liquid petroleum gas (LPG) through the use of proper stoves and appliance. The adequate provisions of modern fuels even if subsidized to a certain extents by the government and NGOs. Keywords: Poor, households



Poor, Households