Identity Status and Sexual Experiences Among Adolescent Students in Debre Markos Town

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Addis Ababa University


The main purpose (~f this study was to illvestigate the nature of identity status and sexual experiences ami the relationship between these two variables. Three hundred forty one (230 male and 111 female) adolescent students were selected ./i-om Debre Marlws Secondmy School, Debre Markos PreparatOlY School amI Debre Marlws University through simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using que8tionnaire (lml analyzed by chi 8quare and one way ANOVA. The result revealed that only some students (37.24 %) have achieved their identity. The re8t were found to have moratorium, difft/sion and foreclosure identity status. Be8ide8, there was no 8tatistically 8ignificant association between identity statllS ami sex ()(2=5.97, df=3, p>0.05). However, there was 8tatistically significant association between identity status and age ()(2=39.51, df=3, p<0.05). As regards sexual experiences, it was foulld out thul more tllllll hall (55. 7°;'.) of the 8tudents have been involved ill sexllal activities like kissing ami intercourse. There was statistically significant association between sex ami sexual experiences ()(2=IO.85, df=l, p<0.05). Most importantly, there was a statistically significant association between idelltity status and sexual involvement (:)(2 =14.53, df=3, P <0.05). That is, Identity achieved studell/s were found most involved in sexllal activities followed by l1Ioratorium and difft/sed studellts. Students with foreclosure status, on the other hand, were found to be least involved in sexllal activities. There was also sigl/ificallt difference ill the nUlllber of partller amollg students with the different identity status (F (3,147) =4.21, p< 0.05). Diffilsed students were most engaged with IIIl1ltiple partners (three partners on the average) followed by moratorium students (two partners on the average). Foreclosed alld idel1ti~v achieved students had approx imately sillgle (on e) sexual partner. There was I/O significant differellce among stl'tf..·.'Ils categorized under the foul' identity types in terllls of duration of relationship with a partner. Sin ce it is diffiCUlt to investigate all issues of sexuality and identity in a single research like this, further alld detail shall be conducted by other scholars.



sexual experiences, and the relationship between these two variables