Livelihood Strategies of Landless Ruralhouseholds and Determinants of Choice of Strategies: The Case of Wolmera Woreda of Oromia Region of Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Landlessness is very common in the study area. The objective of this study is to identify landless households‟ livelihood strategies and determinants of households‟ choice of strategies. To undertake this study, three rural kebeles of the Woreda and 174 sample landless household were selected randomly from the selected rural kebeles. Mixed method research approach was followed. Primary data was collected by household sample survey, focus group discussion, key informant interviews, field observation, and case study as well as secondary data was collected from different offices. The analysis of quantitative data was done by descriptive and inferential statistics (multivariate probit model). The qualitative data was analyzed following thematic analysis methods. According to the results of this study, landless rural households of the study area on average accounts to about 18.7 % of total households. Regarding livelihood assets, the important assets being utilized to pursue livelihood strategies are human capital and financial capital. Livelihood strategies pursued by landless rural household respondents were farming, engaging in nonfarm activities and diversification of livelihood strategies. When analyzed independently, without overlap of livelihood strategies, 18 (10.34%) of the landless households pursue only farming livelihood strategies. While 4(2.3%) of respondents pursue only nonfarm, 152 (87.36%) pursue diversified livelihood strategies. Regarding the determinants of households‟ choice of livelihood strategies, it was found that Land access, Credit, Livestock possession (measured in Tropical Livestock Unit), Distance from urban, Education, Inheritance of livelihood strategies and Skills, generally determine the choice of livelihood strategies in the study area. Although various studies identified other variables like sex, age, household labour size, dependent family member, institution, and training as determinants of the choices of livelihood strategies, this study found they are not determinants to the choice of livelihood strategies. Therefore, giving special support for skilled landless groups, giving emphasis on how to best pursue diversified livelihood strategies, improving the accessibility of capital, improving educational status, as well as improving infrastructures like road, electricity and water supply, are recommended by this study



rural landless households, livelihood assets, livelihood strategies, determinants of choice, Wolmera Woreda