The Rights of Security of Property of Internally Displaced Persons under International Law : The Case of Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa


After1980’s our world faced a big wave of internal displacement. Then to eradicate this, the world especially the UN organs and others gave an attention to develop international rules and principles, even if international human rights and humanitarian laws already existed. So, since IDPs are the person who displaced from their homes and properties, they are vulnerable group who needs special protecting rules and principles like the GP, the Pinheiro principles and the Kampala Convention that were developed by UN organs and AU respectively. Therefore, states have an international and regional obligation to ensuring respecting these norms and enforcing them according to the rules stipulated under them. Similarly, Ethiopia has a duty to enforce and apply such international and regional standards to secure the rights of IDPs including property rights. But, in Ethiopia the problem of deprivation of property and possession rights of IDPs is becoming a pressing need. For instance, in 2018 there were around 3 million IDPs whose rights including property rights were highly violated. Thus the main theme of this study is to identify the international and regional legal standards which can be enforceable and applicable in Ethiopia to secure the property rights of IDPs and to forward possible way outs. The study concludes that, the applicability of international and regional standards to protect from violence and provide remedies for Ethiopian IDPs property is poor.