Human -Wildlife Conflict with Special Emphasis on Pest Primate in and Around Gendo Guratirigni Forest, Gida Ayana District, Western Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


This study was conducted to assess human wildlife conflict with special emphasis on pest primate around Gendo Gura Tirigni forest, Gida Ayana district, Western Ethiopia from September 2015 to July 2016.The main objective of the study was to identify the cause and effect of human wildlife conflicts, to estimate the population of primate pest in the study site, to estimate the amount of crops destroyed by pest primate, to identify the major human pest primate in the study sites. Based on the information obtained from the preliminary survey, data was collected by field observation, questionnaires and interview. Field observation using line transect was used to estimate the crop loss due to pest primates and to estimate the population size of pest primates. Structured questionnaires and interview were used for gathering information about crop loss by pest primates. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS and Chi-square test was used to compare number of Anubis baboon counted during dry and wet season. From the study site three pest species were identified, namely vervet monkey(Chlorocebus aethiops),Colobus gureza (Colobus abyssinicus) and anubis baboon (Papio anubis).33.28% of maize was damaged by these pest primates from the total estimated maize plant (48,208) and most maize damages were noticed during the tassle and ripen stages. Serious damage was seen in wet season compared with to dry season. Respondents reported habitat disturbance, proximity of natural forest, increased subsistence agriculture and increased of wild animals’ population as causes of HWC. As Gendo Gura Tirigni forest was surrounded by extensive farmlands, the area needs a close follow up and detailed studies to identify current human-wildlife conflict in the area. Key words: Gendo Gura Tirigni Forest, Papio anubis, Colobus monkey, crop raiding, Human-wildlife conflict



Gendo Gura Tirigni Forest, Papio anubis, Colobus monkey, Crop Raiding, Human-wildlife conflict