Assessment of Humanitarian Supply Chain Performance of Selected Humanitarian Organizations in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The objective of the study was to assess the HSC performance of selected humanitarian organizations in Ethiopia based on Triple-A framework proposed by Lee, 2004. Specifically, this study was also intended to explore and empirically test the possible relationships among Humanitarian Supply Chain Agility, Adaptability, Alignment and HSC performance of selected Humanitarian organizations in Ethiopia. The researcher carried out a systematic literature review (SLR) to identify variables and their items to design a structured questionnaire. Accordingly the researcher identifies three important variables of humanitarian supply chain network: agility, adaptability and alignment. The researcher conducted an empirical study on a sample 58 respondents (experts in the humanitarian supply chain) that were collected by the researcher from Six humanitarian emergency food aid organizations in Ethiopia, namely CARE Ethiopia, Save the children international (SCI), Catholic Relief service Ethiopia (CRS), Relief society of Tigray (REST) World Vision Ethiopia (WVE), Food for the hunger international in Ethiopia (FHE). The relationships proposed in the framework were tested using Pearson correlation and the hypotheses proposed in the research were also tested using regression analysis. From the result of the analysis it is concluded that there is positive and statistically very strong relationship between humanitarian supply chain agility and humanitarian supply chain performances. It is also conclude that Humanitarian supply chain adaptability has also positive and strong relationship with humanitarian supply chain performance. On the other hand, Humanitarian supply chain alignment has also positive and statistically strong relationship with HSC performance. Therefore, In order to become competitive and achieve sustainable performance in disaster relief chain operations, humanitarian organizations should give due attention to the constructs Humanitarian supply chain agility, adaptability and alignment. A unique contribution of the present study is an attempt to outline humanitarian supply chain management from commercial supply chain management and further explore the possible relationships among supply chain agility, supply chain adaptability, supply chain alignment and humanitarian supply chain performance in Ethiopian context. Key Words: Humanitarian supply chain, supply chain agility, supply chain adaptability, supply chain alignment and humanitarian supply chain Performance.



Humanitarian supply chain; supply chain agility; supply chain adaptability; supply chain alignment and humanitarian supply chain Performance.