Factors Affecting The Public Transportation Modal Choice in Urban Mobility in Addis Ababa: The Case of Yeka Sub City

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Addis ababa University


The modal choice in Ethiopia varies from passenger to passenger due to different factors. The existence of modal choice creates different problems like delays, traffic accidents and traffic congestions etc. The general objective of this research was to analyze the factors that affect the modal choice in urban mobility in Addis Ababa; the case of the Yeka Sub-city. To achieve the above objective, the researcher used simple random sampling technique to select samples for both open and close ended questionnaire method, and purposive sampling for the semi structured interview method. The sample size of this study was 378 samples, from these samples 40 of them were interviewed, the remaining 338 respondents filled the questionnaires. This research is a mixed type of research, meaning that by using both quantitative and qualitative data describes the factors that affect the modal choice in urban mobility in Addis Ababa; in the case of the Yeka Sub-city. The research design of this research was concurrent research design means the collection of qualitative and quantitative data simultaneously, specifically Quantitative driven concurrent design (QUANT + quall) where used for this study. The study found out that Personal Information (gender, employment status, family size, and income status,), Characteristics of Trip (travel purpose, travel time, travel distance, and Transport cost), Psychological factors (attitudes towards buses, and attitudes towards buses) and characteristics of the transport facility (comfort, safety, and availability of vehicle) are statistically significant. In addition there are factors which are related with spatial data like availability of parks, urban land use type and design and network of roads which affects the modal choice .From the findings, 75.4%) of the participants used taxis (all taxies which carries 11_12 passengers), 24.6% of the participants used buses (both Sheger and Anbesa buses).So taxis were the most common mode of transport used in Addis Ababa especially in Yeka Sub city. The choice of transport modes affects the urban mobility because it is the means of traffic congestion ,dalliance ,accidents and other environmental problems related with mobility, especially the choice of taxis that aggravate those problems above than buses. To minimize this problem the government and concerned stakeholders should manage the transport system like Higer, Shger, and also and Anbessa bus in their safety and comfort to make it competitive to other transport modes; Supply adequate transportation modes especially supply buses which can enhance the transport service.



Urban mobility, Modal choice. Binary logistic regression