Emotional Intelligence and Leadership Effectiveness of Principals in Pre-Primary Schools in Yeka Sub City

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership effectiveness of principals in Yeka Sub City Pre-primary schools. This study measured the emotional intelligence of principals and their leadership effectiveness using the Emotional Intelligence Appraisal and Leadership Improvement Tool. A descriptive correlation research design was used to achieve the objectives of the study. The research participants were 68 principals and 123 teachers who work in private Pre-schools in Yeka Sub City. For the purpose of this study two kinds of standardized questionnaires were used: to measure the emotional intelligence of the pre-school principals the researcher used The Emotional Intelligence Self-Appraisal and to measure their leadership skill an Educational Improvement Tool was used. The data analysis has been done using different statistical techniques like frequency counts, mean, standard deviation and IBM SPSS version 20, Pearsons product moment correlation test were used to investigate the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. A t-test was employed to determine if there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the school principals and teachers. The result of this study revealed that the existing level of emotional intelligence of pre-school principals has a significant effect on their leadership performance. In addition there was a difference score between pre-school principals and teachers rating. When age and years of experience compared to emotional intelligence it does not have a significant effect on leadership performance. Thus Implementation of EI in any organization by a leader to be effective and efficient plays a vital role to leadership skill. Therefore pre-school principals need to work on their emotional intelligence considering the effect that their EI skill has an impact on their educational leadership skill and successes in their working environment.



Emotional Intelligence and Leadership