Demographic and Socio-economic Determinants of Households in Charcoal Production in Rural Areas of Ziway Dugda Wereda of Arsi Zone

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Addis Ababa University


This study examined the demographic and socio-economic determinants of households' involvement in charcoal production in rural areas of Ziway Dugda Wereda of Arsi Zone. Both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data were generated from household survey, key informants and Focus Group Discussions. Secondary data were collected from Journals, books, Ziway Dugda Wereda and Arsi Zone Government Offices. Using SPSS, data were analyzed and some relationships between dependent variable (engagement in charcoal production) and independent variables (demographic and socio-economic features of the households) were explored. Logistic Regression Model was used to explore variation of the dependent variable based on variations made by independent variables and to rank the relative importance of each in dependent variable. As expected, households with large landholding and livestock holding size less involve in charcoal production. Similarly, male-headed households more involve in charcoal production. In contrmy to what was expected, ages of the household heads and households' family size are positively correlated with involvement in charcoal productiOn. Moreover, as literacy level of household heads increase, involvement in charcoal production also increases. The findings of this study have both academic and practical purposes. The academic benefit is improving knowledge on how various socio-economic facto rs shaping the attitudes and activities of the rural households towards the environment. The practical benefit is for policy formulation in the areas of poverty, energy and environment linkage. Finally, the author of this thesis calls for further studies in other charcoal producing areas to validate the results obtained in this study.



Socio-economic Determinants