Factors Associated with Dropouts from Contraceptive Use among Women in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


This study focuses on the socio-economic and demographic detenninants of dropout in contraceptive use in Ethiopia using data collected in Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey EDHS (2005). The survey collected infonnation from a total of 2962 married wOlllen of the reproductive age group (between 15 and 49 years), out of which 1343 wOlllen were considered in this study. Descriptive, Logistic regression and Multilevel statistical techniques were used for data analysis using socio-econolllic and demographic back ground variables. The relative illlPortance of the explanatory background variables were examined using the logistic regression Illodel. The multilevel model reflects the existence of significant variations in the mean effects of the predictor of currently dropout from contraceptive use at regional level. Dropout and currently contraceptive using are treated as the outcome of a dichotomous dependent variable in the model. The result of descriptive analysis indicated that contraceptive dropout rate was 6 1.7%. High rates of dropout from contraceptive use was observed in Arnhara (77%) followed by Afar (76%). Among the main reasons for dropping out from contraceptive use are, the need for Illore children (65.2%) followed by health concern (56.6%). Based on univariate and multi variate result six factors (predictors) associated with contraceptive dropout were selected. These predictors were generic reasons such as husband 's disapproval, difficulty in getting modem contraceptive methods, misinfonnation about religious aspects of fallli ly planning, etc, region, type of place of residence, accessibility of family planning lessons through media, access to health facility and number of children alive. All these factors playa pivotal role on dropout in contraceptive use. Thus, we can conclude that there are inherent weaknesses in family planning program that need to be addressed.



contraceptive use among women in Ethiopia