Evaluation Hance of Survival/Death Status among HIV Positive People under the antl Retroviral Treatment Program: The Case of Adam Hospital

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Addis Abeba university


Antiretroviral Treatment (ART), although not a cure, can help people from becoming ill for many years and this has improved the survival of HIV patients. In Ethiopia about 55,000 people and globally more than 1.3 million people have been taking ART until the end of 2006. Scaling up of ART treatment is planned by WHO and the Ministry of Health of the Ethiopian government. Although ART treatment has decreased HIV associated mortality and morbidity, a number of patients still die after the start of ART. A sample of 259 patients has been taken from Adama Hospital ART clinic for the study. The analysis of the data using the multivariate logistic regression method shows that some health, economic and risk behavior factors influence survival of patients. The study shows that survival of an HIV patient under ART follow up is affected by partners’ HIV status, Base Line Weight, Base Line CD4 Counts, Condom use, Drinking Alcohol, taking Soft/Hard Drugs, and number of rooms the patients live in. The last factor is used as an indicator of economic status. Thus, the performance of ART programs can be improved if: we can ring behavioral change among HIV patients under ART follow up, take appropriate linical and non-clinical measures like providing medicine and support (can be homeased) to patients and if health workers and other stakeholders find ways of supporting ose patients of low economic status with respect to improving their nutrition in articular, and other assistance in general



Survival/Death Status among HIV