Safety Climate Perception and its contribution for the Prediction of Actual Work Place Injuries among Workers of Kombolcha Textile Factory

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Addis Ababa University


Textile industry is characterized by a high existence of many potential hazards that can easily inflict occupational injuries among workers. Recent years have witnessed the link between the concepts of safety climate with variety of safety outcomes including accidents and injuries .Yet, safety climate measures are rarely addressed in Ethiopia. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore the role of employees’ safety climate perception with regard to predicting occurrence occupational injuries. Moreover, the study also examines the difference in safety climate perception based on demographic factors to aid a greater understanding of the many dynamics in predicting injuries among respondents. A cross sectional study design was conducted on 255 employees’ from the three production deportments (spinning, weaving and finishing) of kombolcha textile factory. A pre tested safety climate scale which was originally developed by Cox and Cheyne (2000) was employed in order to assess the prevalent safety climate in the factory. This tool has 43 items within nine dimensions. The prevalence rate of injuries in the factory was 294 per 1000 exposed workers per year. Fingers and hands were the most affected body parts. Workers gender, age and length of service duration also appeared as significant predictors of occupational injuries. Findings from this study show, when all the nine dimensions of the safety climate tool were considered as independent variable and injuries as dependent variable, safety climate perception of employees were significant in predicting occupational injuries. The study also showed certain safety climate dimensions were more salient in predicting injuries. Finally the study implies, by using safety climate surveys as a proactive indicator of safety, organizations can modify their safety condition trough intervening to certain aspects of safety climate dimensions that are linked with injuries. Key words: Employees, demographic factors, Safety Climate Perception, dimension of safety climate, injury,



Employees, Demographic factors, Safety Climate Perception, Dimension of safety climate, Injury