Pattern of Orthopedic Injuries Related to RTA among Patients Managed at Emergency Department of TASH, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2021.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Road Traffic Accident (RTA) is an accident which occurs on a way or street open to public traffic; resulted in one or more people is being killed or injured, and at least one moving vehicle involved. Most of orthopedic injuries are caused by RTA. Orthopedic injury is any injury to the musculoskeletal system. Often, relating to the bones and joints as a result of an accident or trauma to the body. Each year approximately 1.3 million people lose their lives on the road and as many as 50 million others are injured and because of injury every year 12 million people disabled and from them 6 million people develop permanent disability. Most of those disabilities are caused by orthopedic injuries. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess pattern of orthopedic injuries related to road traffic accident among patients managed at the emergency department of TASH in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2021. Method: Institutional based retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted from March till June 2021 G.C. A total of 354 patients’ chart was selected by using systematic random sampling technique. Data was entered into Epi data version 4.2 & analyzed by SPSS version 26.0 software. Result: A total of 354 RTA victims with orthopedic injury were included in the study. The study reveals that male were mostly injured person (71.7%) with age group of 13-24. Taxi accounts for 36.3% of cause of injury followed by motorbike (27.4%) & lower limb were the commonest anatomic site of injury (47.9). From all injury type fracture is the commonest one with 71.1% especially lower limb fracture (42.1%). More than half victim (59.5%) had open wound. 51.8% experience RTA while they are crossing or walking around road. Conclusion: Reproductive age groups are most vulnerable age groups to RTA. According to my finding the major cause of RTA was minibus and pedestrian were the most injured victims.



Orthopedic injury, pattern, road traffic accident