Knowledge and Associated Factors of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Among Care Givers of Children Attending Diabetic Clinic in Public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, From August 2015 To June 2016

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Background; Recently Diabetes mellitus is becoming an important clinical and public health problem throughout the world. In Ethiopia although it is known that diabetes is becoming one of the emerging health issue, little is known about its prevention and the different ways of management in the general population. Specifically when we see type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), which mostly affects children is now increasing rapidly. So in order to prevent and manage it properly we have to include all responsible bodies. Families who are supportive and knowledgeable can affect the outcome of the diabetes in a good way. This study has tried to assess the knowledge and associated factors that the care givers had. Objectives; The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge of type 1 diabetes mellitus and associated factors among care givers of children attending diabetic clinic in hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from March to June 2016. Methods; An institutional based quantitative cross sectional study was employed with the care givers of children with T1DM, in public hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The number of caregivers was 149. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect information, and then the data was coded, entered and cleaned using the statistical software Epi data. Then the analysis was made with IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.0 after exporting the prepared data. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relative effect of determinants. A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant in all tests of significance. Results; This study revealed that less than half of caregivers (45%) have good level of knowledge about type1 diabetes. And this study also found that there were highly statistical significant association between total knowledge and sex, level of education, residence, income and attending workshop about DM. Conclusion; This study found that majority of the caregivers is less knowledgeable about T1DM which would in turn affect the care they give to their child. This study also found that sex, education, income, residence and attending workshops, trainings about T1DM as factors significantly associated with level of knowledge of caregivers. Key words; Type 1 diabetes, care givers, knowledge



Type 1 diabetes, Care givers, Knowledge