Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Non- Communicable Disease in Communities Living Meyu Town, Eastern Hararghe Oromia Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The burden of Non communicable is high in the world wide. The country profile reported that about 30% of total deaths in Ethiopia were associated with NCDs from which cardiovascular disease cancers ,chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, and other NCDs accounted for 9,6,3,1 and 11% respectively. The study was undertaken to study knowledge, attitude and practice non communicable disease in communities living in meyu town, eastern Hararghe ,oromia, Ethiopia. The study was conducted in Meyu town (Huse) which is capital city of district This study was a type of descriptive survey research design that involve cross –sectional study design method .The 286 sample size was calculated by using the sloven‟s formula from 1000 of total population of15-64 ages. The sampling method was done by lottery method and systematic sampling .Finally; the data was discussed, summarized and put in meaningful form. The KAp study of community on NCD show that most of respondent (66.17%) had knowledge of the disease. and could isolate it from communicable. The study on tobacco use show that, there were good attitude of the study subject toward harm of smoking cigarettes (79.18%) and its effect on their lung and heart(57.99%). As well as smoking around other(90.33%) also harmful .On other hand ,alcohol use Respondent were rare and those who drink it was due to influence of friend(70.26%).The attitude and practice of the study subject toward using salt in diet is also good. However, some people (16.36%) didn’t consider amount of salt they used in their diet (83.64%).The study on cardiovascular disease show that majority of the respondent (62.08%)were only heard the term before. The relative frequency of respondent knowledge and practice on pap smear were : 28.62%,6.69% ,3.35% , and 61.34% those didn't have time ,did it every three and five years, and those didn't understand it respectively .The survey on diabetes mellitus type2 show that majority of the participant (65.43 %) had little knowledge about the disease. Among all of the respondent only (8.18 %) had good knowledge about the Chronic respiratory disease . Generally, knowledge, attitude and practice on NCD and its risk factor were not enough in the community living meyu twon. There was gap of knowledge, attitude and practice of toward the disease and it's risk factor. So anybody who have responsible to solve this gap should be contact it. And also the area have economic problem and must be changed.



Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Non Communicable Disease and Risk Factor