Rural Women's Access to Land and Their Food Security Situation: The Case of Hulet Ejue Ense Woreda, Amhara Region

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Addis Ababa University


The study was designed to explore rural women's access to land and their food security situation in two rural Kebeles in Hulet Ejue Enese Woreda, East Gojjam Zone Amhara Re gion. The research applied both quantitative and qualitative methods to address issues from a gender perspective. Survey of 89 households was conducted using the quantitative method. While the qualitative methods applied, were interviews with rural women, men and with relevant Woreda Office experts and Kebele Land Administers; focus group discussions with rural women and men; case stories and observation. The livelihood approach and feminist theories: Liberal and Marxists feminist theories have been the theoretical frameworks that underpin this study. This study revealed that ru ral women can get access to land through land distribution, marriage and inheritance from parents. However, female-headed households have less access to land than male-headed households and, as a result their production is less than their male counterparts. The study findings indicate that rural women engage in various agricultural activities though there are activities that women are not supposed to engage due to cultural division of labour which put women in a more disadvantageous and vulnerable position than men. On the other hand, , rural women's particularly, femaleheaded households' role in community based activities such as edir, equb, mahiber and other Peasant adminstrtion activities. Women's access to credit, participation in community based activities and food supply in Agam-woha kebele is better than in Shege-keranio kebele. This is because, Agam-woha kebele is closer to market and town while Shege-keranio is faraway from all these. Moreover, the result of the research shows that there is a link between access to land and food security.



Rural Women's Access to Land