Factors Influencing the Implement A Tion of Problem Solving Approach in the Second Cycle Primary Schools of Tigray

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Addis Ababa University


The objective of the present study is to examine the factors influencing the implementation of the problem solving approach in the upper or second cycle primary schools of southern Tigray admini strati ve zone. Nine schools found in four weredas were se lected as sample study areas using the quota and simple random sampling. A total 306 respondents have participated as the source of data. 112 Teachers including principals, 5 Wareda educational supervisors and 9 Curriculum development experts were also taken using the avai lable sampling techniques. 180 Students were se lected randomly,S students from each grade level. A questiOlUlaire was thus administered to investigate views held by teachers, supervisors, experts and students on the issue. The questionna ire dealing about school fac ili ties, teachers level of training, attitude to the profession, the organization of curriculum material s, and the and supervi sory support given to schools was administered to teachers, supervisors and students. Experts of textbook development were made to respond about the organization of curriculum materials by expressing their level of agreement on the issues. Analysis of the results indicates that there is lack of resources and facilities in schools to be avai lable, Low level of teacher's qualification and awareness to shoulder the responsibilities of teaching, weak curriculum material development as well as in suffici ent supervisory assistance to the schools were found factors to influence the implementation of problem solving approach. A recommendation is made to fulfill facilities, strictly following classroom standard popul ation, up grading the professional quali fication of people engaged in the teaching process, mak ing frequent supervisory assistance to schools and organizing short term workshops, seminars as well as to encourage an inter staff training were also recommended. In preparing the textbooks efforts to exploit the necessary resources and inputs of related professional was suggested as a solution to minimize the defects of the curricullllll material s.



Problem Solving