Factors Affecting Humanitarian Logistics Coordination In Emergency Response, A Case In Selected Humanitarian Organizations In Food Aid

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Addis Ababa University


The general objective of the study was sought to assess the factors affecting humanitarian logistics coordination in emergency response among humanitarian organizations in food aid. Explanatory and descriptive research design was used in executing the study. The targeted population was humanitarian organizations in food aid and proportionate stratified sampling was conducted to increase the chances of making comparisons among strata (originations), in additions purposive sampling was employed aiming logistics and program professionals who are relevant to humanitarian emergency food response and logistics coordination. Primary data was collected using questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential data analyses were generated. Out of 80 questionnaires 57 respondents filled in and returned the questionnaire, making the response rate 71%. Pearson Correlation Coefficient was computed and tested. A positive and moderate relationship to extent of (r=.598, (r=.416) & (r=.430) exist between environmental, donor, organizational factors respectively and Logistics Coordination. A positive and strong relationship to extent of (r=.675) exist between logistics coordination and interorganizational factors and all factors were statistically significant at 1% level (p=0.001, <0.01). A multiple linear regression analysis was conducted, and the coefficient of determination represented by adjusted R-squared revealed that the percentage of the variance in logistics coordination explained by the independent variables (environmental, donors’ Interorganizational and organizational factors) was 56.3% and the overall model was significant. Based on the research findings, the researcher concludes that moderate and positive relationship exist between Logistics coordination and environmental, donors and organizational factors whereas, strong and positive relationship exit between logistics coordination and interorganizational factor. Further, the researcher concludes that environmental, interorganizational and organizational were the most factors affecting logistics coordination with statistical significance level of 0.027, 0.009 and 0.003 respectively (p < 0.05) whereas donors’ factor was the least factor associated to logistics coordination with p=126. To improve humanitarian logistics coordination, the researcher recommends an updated logistics capacity assessment, regular logistics coordination meeting among HOs to share information and resources, harmonized interorganizational policies and procedure to engage in joint planning and implementation and at last clear logistics coordination misconception through training and experience sharing platforms.



Humanitarian Logistics Coordination, Environment factors, Donor Factors, Interorganizational Factors, Food Aid, cluster, emergency response