Change and Continuity in Marriage Practices in Bacho Woreda, South West Showa, Oromiya National Regional State

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title




Marriage is an institution that helps for the continuation of generations, however, through time its form, process and practice changes. Therefore, this study is mainly conducted on marriage practices with much emphasis on the peasant communities of Becho Oromo of Becho Wereda. The main objective of the study is to investigate the change and continuity in marriage practice. To achieve the objective, data is collected through, informal interview, key informant interview and observation. The study reveals, the changes observed in marriage practices today are categorized broadly into three. a) Changes observed as a result of the modification of (he already existing elements of marriage. b) Changes observed in the adoption of some new elements of marriage. c) Changes observed due to some traditional elements of marriage are on the way to extinction. Changes which are the result of modification of some elements of marriage practice include change in bride wealth in which in the past, cattle were given for the bride's family. Nevertheless, nowadays, money is given. In the past, elders were sent to the bride's family three times. However, today only two times. In the pre- and Derg regime, the parents select a wife for their boys. Indeed, these times, priority is given for the boys to select their wives The feasts prepared for the wedding day ceremony, marriage between unequals, the amount of bridewealth given and age at marriage are all these modified in the study area. The changes observed as a result of the .incorporation of new elements in the already existed marriage practice is the result of interaction with neighboring areas. In this way that bridesmaid is introduced to the study community from the near town, Tullubollo. Abduction and early marriage are the forms of marriage that are on the way to extinction mainly due to education and an awareness created by the gender office. However, Kadhaa and Fuudha Gursuma are still widely practiced in the study community.