Psychological Distress and Coping Mechanisms of Adolcents Living with HIV in Black lion Hospital ART Clinic, Phenomenological Study.

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Addis Ababa University


Introduction HIV targets immune system and weakens people’s defence against many infections. Adolescent age looked as a transitional period between childhood and adulthood and pass through deferent periods during this time of transition. Thus, as they are passing through this phase of development they faced different challenges as a result of being diagnosed as having HIV. Method The phenomenological design from qualitative approach was used in order to get the information. Ten respondents participated in the current study. Data was collected by using semi structured interview and analyzed by applying thematic analysis. Result Ten participants involved in the study. Five of them were male and the rest of the participants were female. Respondents age range from 15-18 years. The result showed that most prominently, fear of stigma leads majority of respondents to keep quiet about their health condition and this in return help them to mitigate the psychological distressed. Other than this, the finding also involved on showing different associated factors, social support and ways of coping related to their health. Conclusion People have fear of disclosure about their HIV status as a result of fear of stigma. Furthermore, limited social awareness and ongoing drug adherence routine are also associated factors that add to the psychological distress.



Psychological distress,adolcents, HIV