The Accommodation of Ehnic Minorities in the Federal Ethiopia: The Case of Hadiya Nationality Zone

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Addis Ababa University


This Thesis focuses on the accommodation of ethnic minorities in the Federal Ethiopia: The case of Hadiya Nationality Zone. Based on the empirical evidences, the study specifically examines the effectiveness of theory and practice of local political and administrative institutions in the accommodation of the dispersedly settled intra-minorities rights to the political representation, appointment and language, and its approaches for managing inter-ethnic conflicts between Hadiya and Danta-Dubamo ethnic groups. There by evaluate whether the absence of political accommodation of dispersedly settled intra-minorities in the local political and administrative institutions, amplify the inter-ethnic tensions and conflicts. In order to achieve these objectives, the study employed an in-depth-interview, key-informants interview, Focus Group Discussion for obtaining primary data sources; and it has also utilized different secondary sources including books, Articles, international journals of published and unpublished sources. The study found out that, there is clear policy and institutional gaps in the accommodation of political needs of dispersedly settled intra-minorities in this local administrative unit. This approach has resulted in the exclusion and marginalization of some part of society from their needs of adequate political representation and its decision-making, appointment and use of language rights. For this, there are several underlining causes that ranging from social, economic, and political to identity issues after the adoption of the federalism. To this end, the inclusive political system through accommodation of power-sharing, cultural autonomy and an integrated approach (both traditional and modern conflict resolution institutions) have been utilized to manage the inter-ethnic tensions and conflicts between them. Nonetheless, the modern conflict resolution institutions are solution, which was predominantly formal in its form, to manage this inter-ethnic tensions and conflicts has been ineffective than the traditional conflict resolution (TCR). But the TCR alone, given the context of federal arrangement in the study area, could effectively resolve the conflict and the dynamics of issues at the interface between them. It is, therefore, a contention of this thesis that a good combination of the TCR and modern conflict resolution institutions could efficiently resolve the inter-ethnic tensions and conflicts between intra-Zonal majority and minorities ethnic-groups.



ethnic minorities,Hadiya Nationality Zone,accommodation of ethnic minorities