A Comparative Analysis of Ethiopian Media and Journalists in Transition

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The study focused on a comparative analysis of Ethiopia television media channel and journalists in transition period. The study specifically focused on the role of media function in old regime and ongoing regime, press autonomy and freedom, media challenges, journalists‟ professional ethics practice, media watchdog role, and media future development. The study adopted mixed approach and employed comparative explanatory design in state and private television media channel. The study employed stratified sampling method to selected 2 state media channels from 3 and 2 private from 6 media channel. The total population of the study was 670 (644 state media and 26 private) and 245 participants (227 state and 20 private) selected by using simple random sampling. Questionnaires and interview were used to gather data from state and private media. Descriptive statistical techniques were used for data analysis by using SPSS software version 26. The study found that state media influenced by ruling party in both regimes than private media. However, the old regime influence media than ongoing regime. While, there was similar path dependency in state media than private media channels but press autonomy and freedom seems free in ongoing regime than old regime in both regimes. In addition, state media channel has been government watchdog and private media channel was party watchdog and currently convert to government watchdog. The study result illustrated that media for the future look bright, while have challenges. The main challenge of media was material and equipment as well as political instability. Generally, media function, ethics, and press autonomy and freedom were better in ongoing regime than old regime. While, private media was independent compare to state media in both regimes. Therefore, the results suggest that media should be break path dependency via media standard function discourse, top managers of state media should be appointed by merits rather than politically. Government should be facilitating training for all journalist based on international standard and experience sharing with developed countries media.



Journalism, media, journalists‟ professional ethics, democracy, authoritarian, state, private, press autonomy and freedom