Environmental Implications of Pesticide Use and Application Practice Its on Beekeeping: Evidence from Gudeya Bila Woreda of East Wollega Zone in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


The study was conducted to analyze the pesticide use, and its implications on beekeeping in Gudeya Bila woreda. The sampling frames for this particular study were rural farmers that found in different agroecological zone of Gudeya Bila woreda western Oromia. The survey was conducted among 312 households of which 304 were farmers and 8 were pesticide retailer. A pesticide risk assessment tool PRIMET was used to assess risks posed by pesticides. The result shown that most of respondents (66.35%) have traditional hives. Concerning pesticides use all respondents (100%) use chemical pesticides for agricultural purposes. All respondents indicated that they purchase pesticides from local dealer. Moreover, 79.5% of respondents buy pesticides without label. PRIMET based analysis revealed that ETR value of the six pesticides (Carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, malathion, fipronil and profonefos) considered in this study were highly risky to honey bees in in-crop scenario and in possible risk range in off-crop scenario. The result showed that pesticide use and application practice of farmers were inappropriate and it needs awareness creation for farmers and retailer and reminding farmers to remove or cover beehives during application and flowering/ Use only after sunset. Farmer’s awareness on protecting the environment and application of pesticides considering protection of bees is found to be minimum. Proper risk communication strategy and awareness creation is important to curb the present danger to bees posed from dangerous pesticide application in the area.



Pesticides, Risk Assessment, PRIMET, bees