Migration Decisions and Experiences: A Study of Migrants from Sekela Woreda West Gojjam to Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The main objective of the study is to examine the socio-cultural context in which the decision to migrate are made and migrants experience focusing from Sekela Woreda to Addis Ababa. More specifically, the study attempted to identify kind of ties migrants maintain at the destination and previous place of residence as well as examine what factor initiates the aspiration to migrate and who influence the migration. To attain these objectives, the study accessed both primary and secondary data sources. The primary data was collected in the field occupied a central place in my study. My fieldwork was period divided into (i) in-depth interviews with 30 migrants and one focus group meetings with five participants. The actual sample size varied on the number of migrants available in each neighbor located at Lafto, Mebrat hile, and Kera areas but a total of 30 migrants have been participated. The study found that Migrants made a decision for moving to Addis Ababa due to a social network to enhance economic wellbeing which encompasses employment and better wage. The ability to adopt migration as an alternatives was affected by the degree of social inclusion/exclusion, reflected in access to someone they know at their destinations. These networks channel migrants to specific selective jobs in the city and in turn force migrants to forge Kinship/Origin group networks. Since the network is heavily Kinship/Origin based, it is restricted to a narrow scope of contacts often within a certain sector of the economy, it offers migrants few social connections and therefore limits their upward social mobility



Social Anthropology