Assessing the Role of Domestic Religious Tourism Associations for Peace Building in Ethiopia: The Case of Hawire Hiwot Pilgrimages

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Addis Ababa University


The general objective of the study was to investigate the missing link between domestic religious tourism associations and peace building in Ethiopia. Due to its appropriateness and relevance descriptive were employed. Population of the study comprised of travel organizers, center coordinators, preachers, Hawire Hiwot pilgrims travel in different sites from Addis Ababa head office of Mahebere Kedusan and stakeholder. For this research, purposive sampling was used to pick the sample from travel managers, travel planners, and preachers who had huge experience of involving in Hawire Hiwot travel packages and staffs who directly and indirectly take part in managing the travel and stakeholder in the field. Out of 20,000 pilgrims travelled on per a single trip, the researcher selected travelers who made trip more than 3 times to get plenty information since participant observation was not possible due to Covid 19. And 200 of them had track record of travelling more than 3 times as pilgrims in different religious sites. The primary data were collected through questionnaire and semi-structured interview. Secondary data were collected from both published and unpublished sources such as books, journals, unpublished reports and internet sources. Core findings of the study are domestic religious tourism associations have roles in peace building of a country by promoting tolerance, acceptance and resolving conflicts in peaceful manner. In relation to building peace at the destination areas the research revealed that Hawire Hiwot has low impact on the peace building process of the destination area. Therefore, it is recommended that the association should enlarge its focus areas of work using religion as the means to social transformation and the plat forms for engaging need to be so interactive. The association has to involve in all sorts of peace-building activities, including advocacy, education, inter-faith and intra-faith dialogue, mediation, observation and transitional justice actors.



Hawire Hiwot, Tourism, Domestic Tourism, Religious Tourism, SocioCultural Value, Peace, Peace Building, Ethiopia