Clinical profile of peripheral arterial disease at emergency department in Tikur Ambesa specialized hospital, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa Universty


Background:Peripheral Arterial Disease is defined as ankle-brachial index < 0.90 and it is a progressive occlusion of arteries supplying the peripheral vasculature.Globally, 202 million people were living with peripheral artery disease in 2010. Recent reports suggest that the burden of PAD has increased globally over the last decade. A meta-analysis of global PAD prevalence in low and middle income countries (LMICs) and high income countries (HICs) estimated that 14.2million people had PAD in sub-Saharan Africa in 2010. Objective:to assess the clinical Profile of Peripheral Arterial Disease at Emergency Department in Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methodology: This study was a retrospective record based quantitative study conducted from September 2016 to May 2018diagnosed at emergency department of Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital. Data was entered and analyzedusing SPSS version 21 descriptive statistics was carried out to explore the socio-demographic characteristics of the patient, prevalence of peripheral arterial disease, clinical profile and the outcome of the disease and the results was summarized as frequencies and percentages. P < 0.05 considered to be statically significant. Result: From total of 105 recorded data 73 were males and 32 were females. The male to female ratio was 2.3:1 and age range was 13-100, with a mean age of 56.5 years. Prevalence ofPeripheral Arterial Disease in males and females were 69.5%, 30.5% respectively and the highest prevalence was at the age range of 57-67 years 24(22.9%). Conclusion and recommendation: Prevalence ofPeripheral Arterial Disease in males was twice than in females in this study. The prevalence of “traditional” cardiovascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and alcohol was high among individuals with Peripheral Arterial Disease. Most subjects had prolonged length of study in the emergency department.



Peripheral Arterial Disease