Effects of Land Use Forms and Pattern on the Demand for Public transport (The case of Addis Ababa, Asko – Merkato- Piassa Corridor)

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Integrating land use planning with transport developments is one of the major statements of Addis Ababa city road transport policy. However, the existing literatures support that the current public transport system is inefficient, ineffective and inaccessible because of lack of coordination between land use and transport planning. The current demand and supply of public transport of the Addis Ababa city varies over space and time. It has been hypothesized that this variation emanates from the way the activities are distributed within the city. Distributions of activities are expressed by land use mix, population density and centeredness for this study as the main factors. This study applied a simple descriptive statistics and Factorial Analysis approach to investigate the relationship between change in public transport demand and land use characteristics in Addis Ababa at a corridor level. The average relationship between the land use form and change in demand for public transport in Addis Ababa has been identified and used to investigate the spatial variability of this relationship. Traffic Analysis of different land use mix level , population density and centeredness have been developed and direct travel demand by public transport has been measured to test the variation. Considerable variation in demand has been observed between two TAZs with different independent variables. ANOVA was employed and significant correlation have been observed between the land use mix level, population density, centeredness and change in demand for public transport.



Public Transport, Land use Mix, Demand for public transport, Change in demand Population density, Centeredness