Demographic and Socio-economic Correlates of Fuel Saving Technologies in Tehuledere Wereda: The Case of "MIRT" Stoves

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Addis Ababa University


The major goal of this study is to analyze the demographic and socio-economic correlates of owning fuel saving technologies in Tehuledere Wereda. Here the household fuel technologies particularly focus to the ownership of improved "Mirt" stoves. This study is carried out using quantitative and qualitative data obtainedfrom the survey of 403 households in Tehuledere Wereda. A multilevel logistic regression is fit to analyze the demographic and socio-economic correlates of the ownership of improved "Mirt" stoves using the SPSS 15.0 version software. Qualitative data were also collected to --facilitate the interpretationQjresu/ts oiJhe anal)!sis oithe quantitative data. The descriptive analysis of the study revealed that only 54.6 percent of the sample households owned the improved "Mirt" stoves and those households that do not own the improved "Mirt" stoves constituted 45.4 percent. Ownership of improved "Mirt " stoves is determined by different demographic and socio-economic factors. The results on the bivariate analysis shows the demographic variables like age, household size and marital status of the household heads significantly correlated with ownership of household improved "Mirt" stoves. Among the socio-economic variables, literacy status, income and asset are also strongly correlated with ownership of the improved "Mirt" stoves. Moreover, the exposure related variables agro-ecology, training, and perception of prices are significantly associated with ownership of the improved "Mirt" stoves, whereas the multivariate analysis results indicated that age, literacy status, income, asset, marital status, number of rooms of the house, training, number of females in the household, perception of prices and agro-ecology are significantly correlated with household ownership of improved "Mirt" stoves In conclusion, modern technologies such as improved stove technologies can reduce environmental degradation through the efficient use of fuel wood for household activities. Moreover, these stoves are helpful for minimizing the number of times women and children are going to collect fuel wood from fields, and are means of reducing indoor air pollution which brings different health problems especially to women and children.



Socio-economic Correlates