Leadership Competencies of Secondary School Principals in North Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is to assess secondary school principals’ leadership competencies in north shoa zone of Oromia Regional state. In this study a descriptive survey design and narrative methods was used. The study was conducted in 8 general secondary schools selected from three woredas and one administrative town by using quota sampling technique 177 teachers, and 4 woreda and town education officers, 4 assistant officers, 4 teacher development process owners and 4 supervisors were purposively used as the subjects of the study to obtain the necessary data. Questionnaire and interviewguide were the instruments used for data collection. The data gathered were interpreted and analyzed by using descriptive statistical techniques: such as percentage, mean value, standard deviation and independent t-value and narration were used. The Findings of the study revealed that general secondary school leaders demonstrated competencies of creating a vision, strategic thinking, communication, decision making, relationship building , ethics and professionalism, and resource management an d they were incompetent in creativity and innovation, driving results, development of others (, instructional expertise, and adaptability and change management. on the other hand, study showed that there is statistically significance difference between general secondary school leaders’ competencies and preparatory school leaders’ competencies on Decision Making, Building Relationship, and communication competencies (at p < .01 ). Based on the findings it was concluded that: secondary school leader demonstrate leadership competencies above the expected mean. Thus, based on the study findings the major recommendations have been for warded; this include: This study provides a platform for further research to better understand the issues raised here and to add to areas this survey did not address. For example; this survey did not include all principals leadership competencies and what factors making such that the school leaders expected to be have, this could be an interesting area for further research into leadership development best practice principles. Finally, it could be valuable to conduct some in-depth interviews or focus groups discussion on some of the issues raised here to better understand why respondents answered the way that they did.



Leadership Competencies, of Secondary School