Determinants of Mothers' Treatment of Diarrhea in Under-Five Children

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Addis Abeba Universty


The objective of the study was to identify the knowledge, attitude and practice concerning current diarrheal treatment by rural mothers. From 11 randomly selected peasant associations in Wolayta awraja, 6414 mothers were interviewed to determine whether they had children under five years of age and whether any child had diarrhea in the previous two-week period. The 654 mothers whose children had diarrhea were interviewed about their knowledge, attitudes and treatment practices for the current diarrhea using a structured questionnaire. The results showed that the prevalence of diarrhea in the study community was 11.1%; 73 of the diarrheal children died indicating a mortality rate of 11.4 per 1000 children under five years f or 2 weeks. home treatment of diarrheal cases, only 12.3% Concerning of mothers increased the amount of fluid gi ven, 19.9% increased or gave the same amount of food, and 20.5% gave ORS or ORT to the diarrheal child. Use of health institutions was found to be 7.3%. Determinants of treatment practices were: 1) mothers' knowledge about causes and consequences of diarrhea; and 2) nature of the chi ld' s diarrhea such as concurrent vomiting and frequency of the diarrhea in 24 hours. Mothers preferred to seek treatment from drug s hops than from health institutions despite the fact that the latter were nearer to their homes. The outcome of diarrhea was significantly associated with treatment practices.



Determinants of Mothers