The Effectiveness Of Monitoring And Evaluation Systems: The Case Of Non-Governmental Organizations Implementing Agricultural Development Projects In Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The main objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of M&E systems in agricultural NGOs in Ethiopia. It also assessed the effectiveness in the use of M&E tools and techniques; perceptions towards M&E practices; factors affecting effectiveness of M&E systems; and effectiveness of M&E systems in supporting learning. The study took a form of descriptive design. The cross-sectional study employed quantitative methods that involved a survey of 88 randomly selected agriculture-oriented NGOs that are affiliated to three consortium organizations. Univariate statistics and linear regression methods were used to analyze the data. The results demonstrated that M&E systems were partly traditional despite the popularity of some of the Results-Based Management tools. M&E practices tend to be donor-driven as reflected by the main purposes they served, high ability to meet donors’ accountability concerns, and high involvement of donors. Findings also indicated that improper allocation of budget for M&E, minimal use of information systems in M&E, and low involvement of beneficiaries in M&E processes. The effectiveness of M&E systems in the organizations were positively and largely affected by the use of information systems, stakeholder involvement, and human resource capacities. The findings also suggested that many of the organizations lacked strong orientation towards learning as integral part of to their M&E systems. The study recommended the involvement of M&E personnel in project design and budgeting; capacity development in relation to the use of information systems and RBM tools; and M&E policies that promote stakeholder involvement and learning culture.



M&E practices, M&E systems, non-governmental organizations