Exploring the Practice of Domestic Adoption: the Case of Selected Organizations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of the study is to bring better understanding of the practice of domestic adoption in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopia is known for being a home of large number of orphan and vulnerable children. To alleviate the problem Ethiopia is using different alternative childcare services which are designed to reinforce, supplement the functions of parents who cannot perform and improve conditions of children. There are two types of adoption services namely inter country and domestic adoptions, this paper has dealt with domestic adoption. The main objective of this study is to explore the practice of domestic adoption in Ethiopia. The researcher used exploratory qualitative research design to look for data for the research questions of the study. The study participated 9 key informants. The key informants are selected purposively from Ministry of Women and Children Affair Office, Addis Ababa Women and Children Affair office, Kebebe Tsehaye orphanage and Sele Enat Mahiber orphanage. The study used both primary and secondary data. Key informant interview, observation and document review are used as instruments for data collection. The findings of the study are: the awareness of the community about local alternative child care services has increased which has led to increase in the rate of domestic adoption. There is also a decrease in the rate of inter country adoption especially in regional states. The other finding is that there are procedures and guidelines set up for domestic adoption but the quality of pre and post domestic adoption process is questionable. Based on the findings of the study, the recommendations forwarded are; establishing the central authority and placing a strong system of checking and controlling mechanism of domestic adoption is important. And general awareness raising should be considered in the effort to enhance the rate domestic adoption



Adoption; Domestic Adoption; Adoption agencies & Alternative child care